4 Basic Fishing Lure Types (Tackle Box Essentials)

  • Jun 8, 2020
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Every fisherman needs the following basic fishing lure types to complete their tackle box. The four basic fishing lure types include surface lures, diving lures, spoons, and soft plastics. Each fishing lure type has its purpose and will be explained below.

Surface Lures

Surface luring is one of the most popular methods of lure fishing because of its non-stop excitement. As one watches a fish capture their attractive lure the rush is like no other! Lures are the perfect way to surface fish without worrying about the mess of live bait.

Poppers Fishing Lures

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Poppers Fishing Lures
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Poppers Fishing Lures

Poppers are designed to be cupped at the location of line attachment in order to push water out during moments of retrieval. This action causes the popper to maintain a blooping or popping motion on top of the water’s surface, which attracts attention from several different species of fish. The blooping/popping action even causes a noise that mimics the sound of feeding fish! The design behind popper lures has been thoroughly thought out.

When using a popper, it is best to secure a tight line. This ensures that there is no extra movement between the lure and the loop attachments. All it takes are small jerking movements to begin the lures popping action! How fast or slow you jerk your popper depends upon the fish species you are trying to catch. Some fish like largemouth bass prefer a slow retrieve while other fish like mackerel ideally go for fleeing prey.

Stickbaits Lures

Stickbaits are suitable for all types of surface fishing circumstances. Cigar-shaped lures with a cylindrical body that tapers down to a dull point at both ends are a favorite among stickbait users. These lures in particular are extremely versatile and are able to mimic several different types of prey. Keep in mind that some stickbaits are built to sink while others are built to float. Which type you choose depends on which fish species you are trying to catch.

“Walking the dog” is a popular technique used by many surface anglers. With a little practice, you will be able to master the technique of constantly winding the reel while simultaneously bouncing the rod tip in order to rhythmically cycle through a tight then slacked line. This method will result in your stickbait lure “walking” in different directions, first to the left, then to the right, and visa versa creating a floundering action. This action resembles that of a wounded baitfish which will instantly attract bigger predators.

Walkers Lures

Walkers are available in many different shapes in sizes. They most commonly share a cupped or flat face which creates the illusion of “wings” as they slightly protrude beyond the body of the lure on both sides. This type of lure creates a wobbling motion as the wings catch the water’s surface on both sides when retrieved slowly. This action is perfect for attracting freshwater fish and nocturnal hunters as their waddling motion create a loud surface commotion.

Diving Lures

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Diving Lures
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Diving Lures

Diving lures are favored due to their versatility! They are able to suit all different types of fish species tastes. Needless to say, they come in a variation of sizes and shapes. Diving lures are typically made from either plastic or wood. They contain a bib or lip of some sort that extends out past the face of the lure pushing against the water allowing it to dive or “swim” during retrieve. Smaller bibbed diving lures are designed to dive to a shallow depth. Divers with larger bibs, on the other hand, are built to sink deeper.

Divers hold the ability to sink, suspend, and even float. Sinking divers can reach daring depths while mimicking a slow dying baitfish. Suspending divers are meant to hang in front of a fish’s face making them nearly impossible to resist. While floating divers are ideal for snaggy waters as they are able to float upwards over obstructions. Keep in mind that it is vital to switch up retrieve fashions when utilizing these types of lures. As you suspend, hop, walk, or swim, your lured fish will be tricked into thinking that the diver is actually escaping bait. It will want to bite the line as fast as they can! Utilizing a loose Uni Knot or Perfection Loop at the lures attachment site is key in allowing the diver to swim adequately.

Spoons Lures

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Spoon Lures
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Spoons

Spoons may generally differ in design but they all share the basic principle of resembling fish shape, wild colors, and a fish-like fluttering motion. Spoon are typically made out of metal but can also be produced from plastic.

These lures are commonly cast out behind trolling boats to create a natural flutter and/or wobbling motion during the retrieve. Spoons use bright colors and light reflective technology to attract fish, such as trout, salmon, and pike.

A sinking spoon is also highly effective as it can be jiggled at any depth. Saltwater spoons are almost always produced from metal, utilizing a heavy but slim profile so that they may be retrieved quickly.

A speedy retrieve has the ability to excite several saltwater predators including tuna, trevally, and mackerel. When fishing with a spoon it is best to use a loop knot at the attachment point and a split ring at the tow point.

Fishing Soft Plastics

Fishing Soft Plastics
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Soft Plastics

Soft plastics are in a lure world all of their own as they have the ability to imitate anything a fish may find to as prey from small fish to large frogs. While some soft plastic lures come pre-rigged from the manufacturer, others come solely as their plastic figure which allows anglers the ultimate power to decide how they would like to present the lure to their catch. Jigs and/or hooks are perfectly designed to be paired with soft plastics. Soft plastic lures are extremely appealing to fish because of their smell and taste which mimics its real-life model. Plus they are soft, hence the “soft” plastic title which means they feel like real prey when a fish bites into them, causing the fish to hold on tight.

Lure fishing is a fun and exciting method utilized to catch all different types of fish species. Each lure mentioned above has the ability to hook you a prized fish! Happy Fishing!

Fishing Lure Types Conclusion

Before your next big fishing trip, make sure you have the fishing lure types you need. You never know what will be biting!

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